Of the 202,865 hectares of the Sierra del Lacandón National Park approximately 95,529 hectares are well preserved primary forest and about 54,000 hectares are in a process of regeneration. Between 2000 and 2012, around 25,000 hectares of forest were lost throughout the Sierra del Lacandón National Park.
The main objective of the project is to reduce deforestation in cooperation with the park communities, state authorities and other local partners. Reducing deforestation requires finding solutions for the following causes:
- Latifundistas cut and burn to create new pastures for livestock.
- Existing communities expand their agricultural land under a model of shifting agriculture (logging, slash and burn), which needs a large area and a long time to recover the original forest.
- Illegal logging activities, settlers and the illegal sale of land.
- Forest fires: Fire clearing to prepare agricultural land is a common practice and fire is often spread to the immediate lands and its subsequent control is of great difficulty.
Under the project, forest conservation and reforestation measures are carried out in collaboration with local communities, strengthening the monitoring and control of primary forests and the results of activities are measured by a monitoring system the forest cover, based on patrols and satellite image.
As a result of this collaboration, within the project area, deforestation was reduced by 70% for the period 2012-2014, losing only 636 hectares of the 2048 that had been projected to be lost.
In addition, the national level seeks to influence legislation, related to forests and climate change, through advocacy and exchange of experiences.